Basics of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the FSM
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was held in Beijing between October 18 and October 24, 2017. The CPC national congress, usually held every five years, unveils new leadership and sets a blueprint for national development for the next five years and beyond.
The Congress forms the major political judgments that socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era and the principal contradiction in the Chinese society has evolved into one between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. The Congress elaborates on the Party's historic mission in the new era and establishes the historical position of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.


The Congress highlights 14 points that form the basic policy underpinning the endeavors to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. They are: Ensure Party leadership over all work; commit to a people-centered approach; continue to comprehensively deepen reform; adopt a new vision for development; see that the people run the country; ensure every dimension of governance is law-based; uphold core socialist values; ensure and improve living standards through development; ensure harmony between human and nature; pursue a holistic approach to national security; uphold absolute Party leadership over the people's forces; uphold the principle of "one country, two systems" and promote national reunification; promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind; and exercise full and rigorous governance over the Party.
The Congress stresses that the principles of "peaceful reunification" and "one country, two systems", economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits must be upheld. Anyone, any organization, or any political party, at any time or in any form, to separate any part of the Chinese territory from China will be ever allowed.
The Congress endorses the report's analysis of the international situation and the guiding principles it sets out for China's foreign affairs. The Congress stresses that China will keep to the path of peaceful development, hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and mutual benefit, and uphold its fundamental foreign policy goal of preserving world peace and promoting common development. China remains firm in its commitment to strengthening friendship and cooperation with other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. It will actively promote international cooperation through the Belt and Road Initiative, and continue to take an active part in reforming and developing the global governance system. It will work toward a new form of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice, and win-win cooperation and a community with a shared future for mankind, and work together with the people of all countries to build an open, inclusive, clean, and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security, and common prosperity.
Xi Jinping(C), general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), and the other newly-elected members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the 19th CPC Central Committee Li Keqiang (3rd R), Li Zhanshu (3rd L), Wang Yang (2nd R), Wang Huning (2nd L), Zhao Leji (1st R) and Han Zheng, meet the press at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, capital of China, Oct. 25, 2017. (Xinhua/ Li Tao)
The Communist Party of China (CPC) unveiled a new leadership line-up in Beijing on October 25 to lead the world's most populous nation toward a great modern socialist country.
Xi Jinping was again elected general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, leading its seven-seat Political Bureau Standing Committee.
The other six members of the top leadership are Li Keqiang, Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji and Han Zheng.
The new CPC leaders are the helmsmen leading the Chinese toward the country's new era goals of basically realizing socialist modernization by 2035 and building a great modern socialist country by the middle of this century.
As a staunch reformist, Xi has launched more than 1,500 reform measures over the past five years -- unprecedented in their coverage and depth. Xi started his political career 44 years ago. Over the past five years, he has spent 151 days on 50 local inspection tours around the country.
A number of the leaders have played pivotal roles in the fight against poverty and successfully tackled difficult and risky issues in the fields of economic development, people's welfare, urban management, the anti-corruption campaign and industrial transformation.
The new leaders have a deeper understanding of opening up and win-win development, with broader global vision and abundant experience in dealing with international issues.